The book mirrors the image of the EHE'07 conference (2nd International Conference on Electromagnetic Fields, Health and Environment) which was held in Wroclaw, Poland, 10–12 September 2007. The conference, the second in chain of EHE conferences – the first one, EHE'06, was held on April 27–29, 2006 on Madeira Island, Portugal – gathered engineers, biologists and physicists dealing with bioelectromagnetic problems, i.e. it attracted people investigating the phenomenon of interaction of electromagnetic field and biological objects. The problem is of great importance as the number of sources of electromagnetic field has increased dramatically in the last decades and still keeps growing. Both producers of electromagnetic energy and its consumers want to produce and to consume more and more energy, the first group because of commercial benefits while the second one because of their quality of life. And, somewhere aside there are groups of ecologists, journalists, medical doctors, who suspect, correctly or not, that electromagnetic field can interfere with living creatures. For many years has the discussion about these interactions lasted, and many scientific conferences have witnessed numerous emotional disputes. Because of the nature of non-ionizing radiation, i.e. because its effect in human is reversible and hardly measured inside, all the debates, and relevant discussions are very emotional and do not leave much place for scientific arguments. The ambiguity around bioelectromagnetism is especially seen in mass-media, where, almost every day, completely unfounded facts are revealed only evoking anxiety among people.
It seems to us that such book as you have in your hands, conferences as EHE, and many other similar scientific events, as well as series of books and scientific journals try to enlighten the problem with the use of scientifically founded facts. Of course, the discussion among scientists can be, and very often is, fierce and long-lasting, but all is carried out and kept within methodological discipline, which does not allow to go nowhere.
The particular targets of the book can be briefly summarized as reviewing, presenting and discussing innovations in Computer Modelling, Measurement and Simulation of Bioelectromagnetic Phenomena, analysing physical and biological aspects of Bioelectromagnetic Phenomena, and discussing Environmental Safety and Policy issues as well as relevant International Standards.
To make some order in reading the book, all the contributions are divided into 5 chapters which are named as follows:
1. Electromagnetic Field & Environment,
2. Electromagnetic Field & Health,
3. Electromagnetic Field & Biology,
4. Computer Simulation in Bioelectromagnetics,
5. Electromagnetic Field in Policy and Standards.
Three contributions are behind the above categorization and foreword the volume: the first contribution shows the brief essay on Heinrich Rudolf Hertz on the occasion of his 150 birth anniversary, the second summarizes the long-lasting research in magnetic stimulation and bioimaging and the third one considers some theoretical aspects of electromagnetic field.
We, the Editors of the volume, as well as all the authors whose contributions are the essence of the book, are convinced that all those who read it can find the subjects they are interested in.
Editors: Andrzej Krawczyk, Roman Kubacki, Sławomir Wiak, Carlos Lemos Antunes