As soon as Internet penetrated the public area, it became a whole new world of freedom and thanks to its extraterritoriality mostly escaped existing legal rules. It is still a huge and little explored territory, providing to some pioneers immensely profitable opportunities. Therefore, it is not surprising that the Private Sector is actively striving to enclose this newfound land in order to preserve existing and future benefits. Considering Internet's tremendous impact on all aspects of the social life, governments try by different means to govern it, with little effectiveness. The concept of Internet Access Commons introduces a new participant in the game: the Third Sector, and a renewed governance model, the Commons which together allow for a complete paradigm change. Technically, the FTTH based Internet access Commons relies on a pure horizontal topology where each of the multiple points of the network form its centre; it does not know any owner, meaning it cannot be controlled by third parties nor can it be sold. On the contrary, being open and respectful of standards, it allows each of the interested value added service providers (i.e. infrastructure builder, service, maintenance of the physical network, acquisition, distribution and management of applications and services, customers management, local communities, etc.) to stand out against in an open market not dominated by giants protected in their vertical and enclosed structures.