Responses to terrorist attacks have above all to be able to respond not only to the immediate consequences and aftermath of an attack but also to the long-term aims and objectives of an attack. The two must be carefully coordinated. In turn this also requires some appreciation of the aims and objectives of the attack. The immediate consequences are the injury (mental and physical) to individuals which require specific services and facilities to be readily available. But one also has to consider the affects on routine social order and society in general, which not only imply the immediate social disruption but potential social anomie and division, thus harming the long-term functioning of society. Further, one also has to recognise the economic impact not just in terms of economic disruption but also of the diversion of scarce resources and alienation of future investment. Thus whilst the immediate outcome of an attack may be quickly reparable the longer term may be less so and even less appreciated and the remit for this may lie outside of the normal security services who are delegated to respond.
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