Modern terrorism strives to achieve political goals. In order to do that, terrorists must first create an irrational and prolonged sense of anxiety amongst a target population. Through that action, terrorists aim to pressure governments to surrender to their political demands. The disruption of daily life results in severe damage to the foundations of the state, causing public opinion to pressure decision-makers to surrender to terrorists' demands. Playing a substantial role in modern democratic societies, the media serve as a central layer in the strategy of modern terrorism. By influencing and shaping public opinion, the media can affect government decisions. Terrorist organizations use the media to attract local and global attention to their problems, and as a platform to convey messages and present their ideologies and objectives. While media coverage can, on one hand, amplify the public's fear and anxiety, on the other hand it can also increase public awareness of the topic and draw decision-makers' attention. Understanding modern terrorism strategy and the media's central role in it raises the need to find means to strengthen the public's fortitude in dealing with the psychological damage of terrorism, and to diminish the irrational anxiety of terrorism. Those means, such as dealing with education and advocacy of the public, changing the way the media cover terrorism, etc., will be elaborated upon and discussed along with the central role of the media with regard to modern terrorism strategy.
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