October 2002, 800 plus hostages were held for three days in a Moscow theater by suicidal terrorists armed with bombs. The stand-off ended when Russian Special Forces gassed and stormed the theater. One hundred thirty of the hostages died. The authors – an American psychologist and colleagues from the Russian Academy of Sciences began to collaborate soon after the event. This article reports on eleven hostage interviews regarding their psychological responses to captivity including their expressions of Stockholm syndrome.
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