The main aim of that paper is to outline an alternative view on a wavelike development of human systems. The hypothesis is based on evolutionary interpretation of human knowledge development. There are some evidences that individual knowledge of each human being consists of paragons (understood as an ideal pattern of human behaviour) – of perception, cognition, behaviour, understanding, and so on. Paragons play a role analogous to genes in biology and determine, in some way, the behaviour of an individual in well-defined life situations. On the basis of biological analogy a hierarchical structure of human knowledge (a so-called archetype) is partitioned into six levels (taxa), namely: (1) epigenetic paragons, (2) the image of the world, (3) the image of the society, (4) the image of the economic system, (5) the epistechne, and (6) the paradigm.
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