National models of integration represent state-centric views of integration policies that are anchored to perceptions of national identity and historically rooted views of the role of the state. This chapter draws attention to the difficulties in balancing interconnections in terms of a single and coherent national policy frame with the fragmentation found in terms of frame-conflicts and in discrepancies in the logic of policymaking between policy levels. It reveals how Dutch and French integration policies were characterized by a multiplicity of discourses as well as by a growing gap or ‘décalage’ between policies on the local and the national level.
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