When the People's Action Party (PAP) government assumed office in Singapore in June 1959, it was saddled with a serious housing shortage and rampant corruption. This chapter analyzes the innovative approaches to resolve these problems by explaining why the Housing and Development Board (HDB) has been more effective than its predecessor in providing public housing for Singaporeans, and why the Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau (CPIB) has succeeded in minimizing corruption in Singapore. Apart from being effective organizations which recruited competent personnel, the HDB and CPIB also benefited from the PAP government's commitment to solve the housing shortage and to curb corruption as reflected in the provision of the necessary legislation, personnel, and budget, to enable both agencies to perform effectively.
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