The purpose of this study was to examine the ability of stuttering children to recognize emotions by acoustic signal. Previous studies about this topic have generated mixed results. In [1–2], stuttering children were found to be less efficient in identifying all emotions than fluent ones. In  the results showed significant perceptual differences between stutterers and fluent children for all the emotional states under examination except for anger. In the present study 25 developmental stutterers and 50 fluent children balanced for age (ages between 6 and 9) and gender have been tested on their ability to recognize 5 basic vocal emotional states (anger, fear, happiness, surprise and sadness). The 25 stuttering children were recruited at Phoniatric Outpatients in Naples, Italy (Azienda Ospedaliera di Rilievo Nazionale Santobono Pausilipon, struttura Dipartimentale di Audiologia e Foniatria) and Azienda Universitaria Policlinico (Clinica ORL Ospedale Gesù e Maria, reparto di Foniatria e Audiologia). The control group was recruited at a primary school in Naples' province, Italy. The stimuli consisted of 20 emotionally coloured sentences, four for each emotion. The sentences were extracted from video clips of Italian movies and were emotionally rich [4–5]. The findings are a contribution to understanding the perceptual and cognitive processes involved in the perception of emotional states especially when a mild speech communication disorder is involved.
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