We live in an era in which the preservation of the environment is being widely discussed, driven by growing concerns over climate issues. One major factor contributing to this situation is the lack of attention societies give to maintaining high sustainability levels. Data plays a crucial role in understanding and assessing sustainability impacts in both urban and rural areas. However, obtaining comprehensive data on a country’s sustainability is challenging due to the lack of simple and accessible sources. Existing solutions for sustainability analysis are limited by high costs and implementation difficulties, which restrict their spatial coverage. In this paper, we propose a solution using low-cost hardware and open-source technologies to collect data about the movement of people and vehicles. This solution involves low-cost video-based meters that can be flexibly deployed to various locations. Specifically, we developed a prototype using Raspberry Pi and YOLO which is able to correctly classify 91% of the vehicles by type, and 100% of the events (entering of leaving). The results indicate that this system can effectively and affordably identify and count people and vehicles, allowing for its implementations namely in remote sensitive areas such as natural parks, in which the access of people and vehicles must be controlled and monitored.
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