This paper presents the construction of a Knowledge Graph (KG) of Educational Resources (ER), where RDF reification is essential. The ERs are described based on the subjects they cover considering their relevance. RDF reification is used to incorporate this subject’s relevance. Multiple reification models with distinct syntax and performance implications for storage and query processing exist. This study aims to experimentally compare four statement-based reification models with four triplestores to determine the most pertinent choice for our KG. We built four versions of the KG. Each version has a distinct reification model, namely standard reification, singleton properties, named graphs, and RDF-star, which were obtained using RML mappings. Each of the four triplestores (Virtuoso, Jena, Oxigraph, and GraphDB) was setup four times (except for Virtuoso, which does not support RDF-star), and seven different SPARQL queries were experimentally evaluated. This study shows that standard reification and named graphs lead to good performance. It also shows that, in the particular context of the used KG, Virtuoso outperforms Jena, GraphDB, and Oxigraph in most queries. The recent specification of RDF-star and SPARQL-star sheds light on statement-level annotations. The empirical study reported in this paper contributes to the efforts towards the efficient usage of RDF reification. In addition, this paper shares the pipeline of the KG construction using standard semantic web technologies.
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