Hypersonic vehicles are an important development direction in aerospace, and their development will have a significant impact on world security, the development of cosmic space resources and related disciplines. Along with the rapid development of modern aircraft, landing gear is commonly used with retractable technology, which brings a series of problems, such as the design of landing gear hatch retraction heat sealing mechanism and the evaluation of air tightness. This paper takes the thermal sealing structure of the front main landing gear hatch of a vehicle as an example, reviews the progress of the analysis techniques of sealing material properties and sealing structure design for hypersonic vehicles at home and abroad, discusses the current status of the development and limitations of hatch thermal sealing technology, outlines and discusses the key technologies for design and analysis of hatch thermal sealing structure and the future development trend, and summarizes the test equipment and methods for identifying the performance of seals and sealing systems.
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