Adaptive beamforming has been studied extensively from a simulation point of view. While existing works compare various techniques based on their simulation output performance, their emulation on hardware systems and the prerequisite analysis of firmware viability remain relatively unexplored. The work presented in this paper addresses two issues. One is the firmware implementation of adaptive beamforming and the analysis of the Hardware Description Language implementation of the Least Mean Squares (LMS) Algorithm. It begins with the development of the algorithm on MATLAB Simulation Environment and proceeds to the synthesis of Verilog code for the same on Xilinx’s Vivado platform. The optimization of the LMS algorithm has been presented as a detailed case study for the successful reduction of the number of hardware resources utilized by a synthesized design on a target Artix-7 FPGA board.
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