This article tackles legal aspects of hybrid warfare activities in cyberspace. It endeavors to explore and to understand how hybrid threats employed by authoritarian regimes undermine international order and challenge the applicability of international principles and standards. The paper attempts to dissect the changing security reality, and the challenge for liberal democracy coming from hybrid warfare activity through cyberspace. The article illuminates the international legal challenges that NATO democracies face amid growing hybrid threats via cyberspace posed by authoritarian regimes.
IOS Press, Inc.
6751 Tepper Drive
Clifton, VA 20124
Tel.: +1 703 830 6300
Fax: +1 703 830 2300 email@example.com
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 firstname.lastname@example.org