With the evolving use of hybrid warfare, threats to the EU and NATO continue to rise. This article explores adversaries’ use of the hybrid threat and the new measures the EU and NATO are adopting to counter it. The content is divided into six parts: first, an introduction outlining the problems associated with hybrid warfare; second, addressing the threat of hybrid warfare; third, describing how the EU is taking measures to address the threat; fourth, an overview of the measures used to counter the threat; fifth, an analysis of Russia’s use of hybrid warfare; sixth, a conclusion that looks at collaborations between the EU and NATO moving forward.
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