We present an automated knowledge synthesis and discovery framework to analyze published literature to identify and represent underlying mechanistic associations that aggravate chronic conditions due to COVID-19. Our literature-based discovery approach integrates text mining, knowledge graphs and medical ontologies to discover hidden and previously unknown pathophysiologic relations, dispersed across multiple public literature databases, between COVID-19 and chronic disease mechanisms. We applied our approach to discover mechanistic associations between COVID-19 and chronic conditions—i.e. diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease—to understand the long-term impact of COVID-19 on patients with chronic diseases. We found several gene-disease associations that could help identify mechanisms driving poor outcomes for COVID-19 patients with underlying conditions.
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