Adverse drug reaction is a major public health issue. The increasing availability of medico-administrative databases offers major opportunities to detect real-life pharmacovigilance signals. We have recently adapted a pharmacoepidemiological method to the large dimension, the WCE (Weigthed Cumulative Exposure) statistical model, which makes it possible to model the temporal relationship between the prescription of a drug and the appearance of a side effect without any a priori hypothesis. Unfortunately, this method faces a computational time problem. The objective of this paper is to describe the implementation of the WCE statistical model using Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) programming as a tool to obtain the spectrum of adverse drug reactions from medico-administrative databases. The process is divided into three steps: pre-processing of care pathways using the Python library Panda, calculation of temporal co-variables using the Python library “KeOps”, estimation of the model parameters using the Python library “PyTorch” – standard in deep learning. Programming the WCE method by distributing the heaviest portions (notably spline calculation) on the GPU makes it possible to accelerate the time required for this method by 1000 times using a computer graphics card and up to 10,000 times with a GPU server. This implementation makes it possible to use WCE on all the drugs on the market to study their spectrum of adverse effects, to highlight new vigilance signals and thus to have a global vigilance tool on medico-administrative database. This is a proof of concept for the use of this technology in epidemiology.
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