Alterations to the brainstem can hamper cognitive functioning, including audiovisual and behavioral disintegration, leading to individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) face challenges in social interaction. In this study, a process pipeline for the diagnosis of ASD has been proposed, based on geometrical and Zernike moments features, extracted from the brainstem of ASD subjects. The subjects considered for this study are obtained from publicly available data base ABIDE (300 ASD and 300 typically developing (TD)). Distance regularized level set (DRLSE) method has been used to segment the brainstem region from the midsagittal view of MRI data. Similarity measures were used to validate the segmented images against the ground truth images. Geometrical and Zernike moments features were extracted from the segmented images. The significant features were used to train Support vector machine (SVM) classifier to perform classification between ASD and TD subjects. The similarity results show high matching between DRLSE segmented brainstem and ground truth with high similarity index scores of Pearson Heron-II (PH II) = 0.9740 and Sokal and Sneath-II (SS II) = 0.9727. The SVM classifier achieved 70.53% accuracy to classify ASD and TD subjects. Thus, the process pipeline proposed in this study is able to achieve good accuracy in the classification of ASD subjects.
IOS Press, Inc.
6751 Tepper Drive
Clifton, VA 20124
Tel.: +1 703 830 6300
Fax: +1 703 830 2300 firstname.lastname@example.org
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 email@example.com