The frequency of potential drug-drug interactions (DDI) in published studies on real world data considerably varies due to the methodological framework. Contextualization of DDI has a proven effect in limiting false positives. In this paper, we experimented with the application of various DDIs contexts elements to see their impact on the frequency of potential DDIs measured on the same set of prescription data collected in EDSaN, the clinical data warehouse of Rouen University Hospital. Depending on the context applied, the frequency of daily prescriptions with potential DDI ranged from 0.89% to 3.90%. Substance-level analysis accounted for 48% of false positives because it did not account for some drug-related attributes. Consideration of the patient’s context could eliminate up to an additional 29% of false positives.
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