In the global manufacturing business, more sustainable solutions are needed, and in parallel manufacturing companies also need a capability to react quickly to unpredictable changes in a highly competitive marketplace. This has become more visible at the start of the Covid-19 pandemic when many companies experienced manufacturing constraints such as a shortage of raw materials as well as a need for transformation of manufacturing facilities to produce vital items. In parallel, many manufacturing companies also are in the transition towards more digitalization as well as automation in their facilities, which can contribute to the capability to manage unpredictable changes, but it might also contribute to challenges. Therefore, the digital transformation of production processes with innovative and emerging technologies, and the contribution and challenges of these technologies are of importance to understand. Specifically, in which way these emerging technologies contribute to a resilient and sustainable production process from a technological perspective, and how these production processes might contribute to achieving sustainability goals. Based on findings from literature an analysis is performed aiming to explore the emerging technologies perspective in relation to capabilities as well as challenges regarding implementing solutions that contributes to a resilient and sustainable production process. The overall findings indicated the importance of having flexible production facilities to be able to respond to customer expectations. However, the digital transformation of production facilities demonstrated other challenges such as energy consumption, lack of skilled personal, low level of standardization, financial sources, and security problems. To conclude, the relationship between the content of resilient and sustainable production systems that are influenced by emerging technologies are suggested, with the ambition to contribute to a more competitive manufacturing company that increase its capability to manage customer expectations.