This paper presents the NAct (Nutrition & Activity) Ontology, designed to drive personalised nutritional and physical activity recommendations and effectively support healthy living, through a reasoning-based AI decision support system. NAct coalesces nutritional, medical, behavioural and lifestyle indicators with potential dietary and physical activity directives. The paper presents the first version of the ontology, including its co-design and engineering methodology, along with usage examples in supporting healthy nutritional and physical activity choices. Lastly, the plan for future improvements and extensions is discussed.
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