We present a user acceptance study of a clinical decision support system (CDSS) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) risk prediction. We focus on how a combination of data-driven and rule-based models influence the efficiency and acceptance by doctors. To evaluate the perceived usefulness, we randomly generated CDSS output in three different settings: Data-driven (DD) model output; DD model with a presence of known risk scale (FINDRISK); DD model with presence of risk scale and explanation of DD model. For each case, a physician was asked to answer 3 questions: if a doctor agrees with the result, if a doctor understands it, if the result is useful for the practice. We employed a Lankton’s model to evaluate the user acceptance of the clinical decision support system. Our analysis has proved that without the presence of scales, a physician trust CDSS blindly. From the answers, we can conclude that interpretability plays an important role in accepting a CDSS.
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