This article describes the results of feature extraction from unstructured medical records and prediction of postoperative complications for patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm operations using machine learning algorithms. The datasets from two different medical centers were integrated. Seventy-two features were extracted from Russian unstructured medical records. We formulated 8 target features: Mortality, Temporary neurological deficit (TND), Permanent neurological deficit (PND), Prolonged (> 7 days) lung ventilation (LV), Renal replacement therapy (RRT), Bleeding, Myocardial infarction (MI), Multiple organ failure (MOF). XGBoost showed the best performance for most target variables (F-measure 0.74–0.95) which is comparable to recent results in cardiovascular postoperative risks prediction.
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