A high-speed railway loess tunnel being built is in the Shallow-Buried Section because the construction party violates the design, and the slag discarded at the top of the tunnel is just down-pressing the main line. In order to ensure that the stability of tunnel structure does not affect the safe operation in the later period, a stratum structure model is established based on non-destructive testing and on-site tunnel monitoring measurement. The parameters of surrounding rock are determined by displacement back analysis method, and the influence of waste slag on the safety of tunnel structure is checked by the parameters obtained from back analysis. Through the comparative analysis of the stress of tunnel lining under two working conditions, combined with relevant codes and design documents, it is considered that the slag has a great influence on the stress of tunnel lining structure, but the sectional strength and maximum crack width of eccentrically compressed components of tunnel lining meet the design requirements, and the structure is within the safety range.
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