In this chapter, an overview of the state of the art on knowledge graph generation is provided, with focus on the two prevalent mapping languages: the W3C recommended R2RML and its generalisation RML. We look into details on their differences and explain how knowledge graphs, in the form of RDF graphs, can be generated with each one of the two mapping languages. Then we assess if the vocabulary terms were properly applied to the data and no violations occurred on their use, either using R2RML or RML to generate the desired knowledge graph.
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