This paper mainly discusses the current situation of the internationalization developmentï£¡ the issues and challenges faced of enterprise standards in China in recent years, and the countermeasures and suggestions to be taken in the future. The research methods of qualitative analysis and case studies are mainly adopted. Both primary and secondary information resources are collected for an analysis and recognition of the progress of internationalization of Chinese enterprise standards. The key issues in the internationalization process of Chinese enterprise standards are put forward through analysis of the lessons learned such as lack of consistency in technology standards and real needs in the process of internationalization of Chinese enterprise standards in the last two decades, especially in the practice of participating in foreign infrastructure construction. Under China’s “One Belt and One Road (B&R) Initiative”, the high quality Chinese enterprise standards and internationalization are the prerequisite for the realization of international cooperation in science and technology. The novelty of this paper is mainly reflected in the countermeasures and suggestions how to enhance the internationalization level of Chinese enterprise standards in accordance with the initiatives of the “B&R” construction and the countries concerned actual needs. These include to further improve the technology level and quality of enterprise standards, improve the applicability of Chinese enterprise standards, strengthen international exchanges and cooperation in the field of standardization, establish and improve standard information resource sharing in big data environment, enhance the competitiveness of enterprises, and realize mutual benefit and win-win situation in “B&R” international cooperation.