Entanglement represents a fundamental resource for quantum technologies, including quantum communication tasks. In this context, photons are the ideal physical systems due to their capability of carrying information over long distances. Hence, it is fundamental to design reliable sources of entangled photons in the telecom wavelength regime (around 1.55 μm), where optical fiber losses are low. In this paper we review different platforms used to generate telecom entangled photon pairs, and we focus in particular on an integrated source realized by the femtosecond laser writing (FLW) technique, which allows to devise stable and compact optical circuits in glass. We show how this technique can be employed to inscribe waveguides in nonlinear crystals for generation of telecom entangled photon pairs on a chip.
IOS Press, Inc.
6751 Tepper Drive
Clifton, VA 20124
Tel.: +1 703 830 6300
Fax: +1 703 830 2300 email@example.com
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 firstname.lastname@example.org