Multi-drug-resistant (MDR) infections and their devastating consequences constitute a global problem and a constant threat to public health with immense costs for their treatment. Early identification of the pathogen and its antibiotic resistance profile is crucial for a favorable outcome. Given the fact that more than 24 hours are usually required to perform common antibiotic resistance tests after the sample collection, the implementation of machine learning methods could be of significant help in selecting empirical antibiotic treatment based only on the sample type, Gram stain, and patient’s basic characteristics. In this paper, five machine learning (ML) algorithms have been tested to determine antibiotic susceptibility predictions using simple demographic data of the patients, as well as culture results and antibiotic susceptibility tests. Implementing ML algorithms to antimicrobial susceptibility data may offer insightful antibiotic susceptibility predictions to assist clinicians in decision-making regarding empirical treatment.
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