3D-Polarized Light Imaging (3D-PLI) is a neuroimaging technique used to study the structural connectivity of the human brain at the meso- and microscale. In 3D-PLI, the complex nerve fiber architecture of the brain is characterized by 3D orientation vector fields that are derived from birefringence measurements of unstained histological brain sections by means of an effective physical model.
To optimize the physical model and to better understand the underlying microstructure, numerical simulations are essential tools to optimize the used physical model and to understand the underlying microstructure in detail. The simulations rely on predefined configurations of nerve fiber models (e.g. crossing, kissing, or complex intermingling), their physical properties, as well as the physical properties of the employed optical system to model the entire 3D-PLI measurement. By comparing the simulation and experimental results, possible misinterpretations in the fiber reconstruction process of 3D-PLI can be identified. Here, we focus on fiber modeling with a specific emphasize on the generation of dense fiber distributions as found in the human brain’s white matter. A new algorithm will be introduced that allows to control possible intersections of computationally grown fiber structures.
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