Optimal antibiotic use for the treatment of nosocomial infections plays a central role in the effort to control the rapidly increasing prevalence of multidrug-resistant bacteria. Antibiotic selection should be based on accurate knowledge of local susceptibility rates. Traditional methods of resistance reporting, which are in routine use by microbiology laboratories could be enhanced by using statistically significant results. We present a method of reporting based on antibiotic susceptibility data analysis which offers an accurate tool that reduces clinician uncertainty and enables optimization of the antibiotic selection process.
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