Radioactive decay occurs in unstable nuclei, being β decay the dominant process. The exotic nuclei encountered when going further away from the valley of stability are useful test benches for nuclear models at the limits of the existence of the nucleus. The properties of these exotic systems are of fundamental importance when describing the formation of the elements in the universe through stellar nucleosynthesis processes. The most recent techniques to study β decays in exotic systems and an overview of their specific properties are discussed in these lecture notes.
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