Mobile-Based Applications and Functionalities for Self-Management of People Living with HIV
Esmaeil Mehraeen, Reza Safdari, Niloofar Mohammadzadeh, Seyed Ahmad Seyedalinaghi, Siavash Forootan, Minoo Mohraz
Background: Due to the chronicity of HIV/AIDS and the increased number of people living with HIV (PLWH), these people need the innovative and practical approaches to take advantage of high-quality healthcare services. The objectives of this scoping review were to identify the mobile-based applications and functionalities for self-management of people living with HIV.
Methods: We conducted a comprehensive search of PubMed, Scopus, Science direct, Web of Science and Embase databases for literature published from 2010 to 2017. Screening, data abstraction, and methodological quality assessment were done in duplicate.
Results: Our search identified 10 common mobile-based applications and 8 functionalities of these applications for self-management of people living with HIV. According to the findings, “text-messaging” and “reminder” applications were more addressed in reviewed articles. Moreover, the results indicated that “medication adherence” was the common functionality of mobile-based applications for PLWH.
Conclusion: Inclusive evidence supports the use of text messaging as a mobile-based functionality to improve medication adherence and motivational messaging. Future mobile-based applications in the healthcare industry should address additional practices such as online chatting, social conversations, physical activity intervention, and supply chain management.