The Artificial Pancreas is a medical device, currently in development, that aims to provide automatic regulation of blood glucose (BG) levels in ambulatory type 1 diabetes mellitus sufferers. The most popular approach utilises subcutaneous (SC) continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) combined with SC insulin injection controlled by a Model Predictive Control (MPC) algorithm. From a safety risk perspective problematic elements include the performance robustness of the CGM and the need for a pre-meal insulin bolus to provide satisfactory post prandial BG regulation. This contribution presents preliminary in silico studies which indicate that the use of an alternative approach to insulin delivery - intra-peritoneal (IP) infusion - could provide a similar level of BG regulation (as obtained with SC delivery), without the need for the pre-meal bolus. This simplified control architecture would remove the patient safety risk related to the administration (or not) of pre-meal bolus.
IOS Press, Inc.
6751 Tepper Drive
Clifton, VA 20124
Tel.: +1 703 830 6300
Fax: +1 703 830 2300 email@example.com
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 firstname.lastname@example.org