This chapter argues that identity related questions have so far been ignored in conflict resolution practices, but, because antagonistic identities constitute the main obstacle for achieving sustainable peace, finding a way to facilitate identities is essential. This would require rethinking the whole conflict resolution process, with an emphasis on transformation rather than on resolution. Furthermore, instead of interest-based negotiation, switching the emphasis to conflict transformation would also call for seeking out new forms of problem-finding dialogue which would enable the transformation of identities, collective memories, and narratives of the past.
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