Personalized guides are increasingly used in orthopedic procedures but do not provide for intraoperative re-planning. This work presents a tracked guide that used physical registration to provide an anatomy-to-tracking coordinate frame transformation for surgical navigation. In a study using seven femoral models derived from clinical CT scans used for hip resurfacing, a guide characterization FRE of 0.4°±0.2°, drill-path drill-path angular TRE of 0.9°±0.4° and a positional TRE of 1.2mm±0.4mm were found; these values are comparable to conventional optical tracking accuracy. This novel use of a tracked guide may be particularly applicable to procedures that require a small surgical exposure, or when operating on anatomical regions with small bones that are difficult to track or reliably register.
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