In domains concerned with global change, achieving resilience in socio-ecological systems is highly desired; however making this concept operational in reality has been a struggle partly due to the conflation of the term by these domains. Although resilience is vastly researched in sustainability science, climate change and disaster management for some reason this concept is not dealt with from an ontological perspective. In this paper, the foundation for a formal theory of resilience is laid out. I propose that the common view of resilience as ‘the ability of a system to cope with a disturbance’ is a disposition that is realized through processes since resilience cannot exist without its bearer i.e. a system and can only be discerned over a period of time when a potential disturbance is identified. To this end, the constructs of the Basic Formal Ontology are applied to ground the proposed categorization of resilience. In so doing, I adhere to the notion of semantic reference frames by employing a top-level ontology to anchor the notion of resilience.
IOS Press, Inc.
6751 Tepper Drive
Clifton, VA 20124
Tel.: +1 703 830 6300
Fax: +1 703 830 2300 email@example.com
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 firstname.lastname@example.org