The use of Privately Contracted Armed Security Personnel (PCASP) on ships transiting High Risk Areas (HRA) is a topic bounded in controversy. During 2010 and 2011 the issue was debated in depth by maritime stakeholders due to the dramatic increase of ships attacked or laid hostage by pirates in the Gulf of Aden. In response, the International Maritime Organisation during 2011 provided guidance in the form of circulars which outlined the key points that a ship-owner should consider before employing PCASP. The first part of this article explores the background that led to the concept of PCASP first being debated at the International level. The following sections continue by examining and detailing the complexities of the different legal systems that may impact on a ship owner should they choose to employ PCASP. Finally the paper concludes with the pressing International concerns and possible future consequence of PCASP on ships transiting HRAs.
IOS Press, Inc.
6751 Tepper Drive
Clifton, VA 20124
Tel.: +1 703 830 6300
Fax: +1 703 830 2300 email@example.com
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 firstname.lastname@example.org