Recent developments in the field of supercomputing in Germany and Europe are presented. JUGENE, the highly scalable IBM Blue Gene/P system at the Jülich Supercomputing Centre (JSC), the first Petaflop-supercomputer in Europe, started operation in July 2009. Additionally, the JSC has installed a 300 Teraflop supercomputer, JUROPA, a next-generation general purpose cluster system following JSC's p690 JUMP. JSC designed and constructed JUROPA in a two-years effort, supported by its industrial partners Bull, SUN, INTEL, Mellanox, Novell and ParTec. One third of JUROPA is named HPC-FF, a system for fusion research. After achieving the high rank 10 in the TOP500 list and number 2 in Europe, JUROPA/HPC-FF became operational in August 2009. With these systems, the JSC has finally realized its concept of a dual system complex, which is adapted to meet the requirements of the NIC application portfolio, both flexibility and scalability, as effective as possible. Additionally, the JSC was co-designing, benchmarking and is now hosting a 100-Teraflop/s QPACE system developed by the SFB/TR 55 “Hadron Physics”, the most energy efficient supercomputer as to 2009 and 2010. Coordinated by the Jülich Supercomputing Centre, the preparation phase project for the European supercomputing infrastructure managed by the Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe was finalized by mid of 2010. It is followed by the first implementation phase project, again coordinated by the JSC, which started mid of 2010. In spring 2010 the statutes of the European Supercomputing Research Infrastructure were signed and JUGENE started contributing as the first supercomputer to PRACE in August 2010.
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