Pain syndromes are increasingly prevalent in the military and the causes, resulting complications, existing treatment and possibilities for improved care in the future are in need of attention. By constantly being exposed to combat and living in war zones, servicemen and women face increased risk of complicated injuries, including amputations, penetrating wounds, spinal cord injuries, and traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). In addition, many service members may undergo multiple surgical procedures as a result of serious injury. The incidence of pain syndromes is significantly higher when present with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and other psychiatric disorders such as depression. The combination of these “poly-trauma” events makes the management of both acute and chronic pain in military populations challenging. A multifactorial approach is necessary, and the introduction of new approaches and technology can increase the numbers of tools available to combat this significant health issue in troops
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