With the increasing number of female military personnel and veterans, it is pivotal that appropriate resources are in place for their health needs. The National Epidemiologic Study on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a nationally representative sample of the civilian U.S. population (n=34,653, ages 20 years and older), was used to investigate whether women who reported combat exposure differed 1) from combat-exposed men and 2) from non-combat exposed civilian women in the prevalence of physical conditions and reported interference due to bodily pain. Respondents were asked whether they had been diagnosed with one or more of a number of past-year physical conditions by a physician or other mental health professional. Obesity (body mass index > 30) was also assessed through self-reported height and weight, while a subscale from the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form (SF-12) assessed past-month bodily pain. Logistic regression models adjusted for age and household income were used to understand differences between combat-exposed women and both control groups. Combat women were found to be approximately twice as likely as men who endorsed combat to report having any physical condition (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 2.02, 95% confidence interval 1.04-3.94). Combat women were more likely than general population women to report arteriosclerosis/hypertension, obesity, and any physical condition (AOR range 2.27-2.72). No differences between combat women and either control group were noted for interference due to bodily pain. These findings are noteworthy for health professionals involved in the treatment of military women and for investigators of military women's health.