The French risk management system gives equal importance on the front end (pre-disaster) and on the back end (post-disaster). It is based on the idea that effectiveness, needs appraisal of social, economic, and environment risk acceptability. If a disaster is neither natural nor industrial from this point of view; it always is a human disaster insofar as it results from some amount of deliberate risk exposure. Therefore risk management is more a political than a technical issue, which means that citizen participation, NGOs and private initiatives are crucial to formulate risk and disaster policies.
IOS Press, Inc.
6751 Tepper Drive
Clifton, VA 20124
Tel.: +1 703 830 6300
Fax: +1 703 830 2300 firstname.lastname@example.org
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 email@example.com