The tourism is one of the first driving force of the economy in the world today. The Mediterranean Sea represents a third of the world flows: there was, in 2006, more than 842 million arrivals of international tourists in the world, without counting the billion and half of tourists visiting or on holidays in their own country. In the Mediterranean total, the movements of Diasporas would be more than 10 %, that is approximately 35 million persons of the first or the second generation, without counting an ethnic tourism or of inter-regional pilgrimage towards Israel or Saudi Arabia, of the order of 3 in 4 millions.
Sources (Springs): extrapolations of the author from the data of the OMT and the institutes of national statistics of Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Turkey.
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