In this chapter, the fact of terror is examined in the context of globalization and the modernization process. As a result of September 11th attacks it is widely accepted that terror is now a global phenomenon. However, this work suggests that such an approach to terror activities is a rather misleading and political one. Global terror seems to be a tactical conceptualization rather than a scientifically supported one. To make this point clearer, the way in which the modernization process is perceived in the Islamic world and also the concept of the clash of civilizations is considered. Eastern societies have embraced the technological improvements achieved on the basis of rational principles of modernity, but at the level of the individuals' life, they resist against those principles. This resistance might prepare suitable ground which possibly sustains terrorist activities. It is concluded that elimination of terror from national and international affairs will only be possible after an overall elimination of the circumstances that yield it.
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