Simulation of cauterization and irrigation forms an important part of a virtual laparoscopic trainer. Typically, they are carried out to stop the intragastric bleeding due to an accidental cut by the surgeon. In this paper, we present a method to simulate these special visual effects in an integrated fashion in real-time. We have simulated cauterization and irrigation using a particle-based system. A physics-based model is used to simulate accumulation and removal of fluids. The integrated special effects were implemented and tested in a prototype environment.
IOS Press, Inc.
6751 Tepper Drive
Clifton, VA 20124
Tel.: +1 703 830 6300
Fax: +1 703 830 2300 email@example.com
(Corporate matters and books only) IOS Press c/o Accucoms US, Inc.
For North America Sales and Customer Service
West Point Commons
Lansdale PA 19446
Tel.: +1 866 855 8967
Fax: +1 215 660 5042 firstname.lastname@example.org