Manual patient handling is one of the physiological risk factors in care. The scientific focus so far, has primarily been on the analysis of lumbar compression during manual caregiving in order to improve the transfer facilitation of caregivers through technical systems. Reference is made in this context to the supportive functional role of the muscles of the lower limb. To assess biomechanical data for the quantification of lower limb and spine muscle activity in manual patient handling, an experimental study was conducted. A quantitative basis for the analysis of caregiving processes and its risk factors is established by evaluating caregivers’ posture, ground reaction force components, and muscle activities during ergonomic and non-ergonomic manual patient handling in a laboratory setting.
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