Recently, the ISO 13584 standard for parts libraries (PLIB) has been widely discussed as a reference model for developing product ontologies, such as product classification systems and standardized property lists. For instance, major industry consortia have announced their intention to incorporate this standard into their product dictionaries and related data exchange specifications. Implementing these PLIB-compliant dictionaries is often regarded as an important step for overcoming heterogeneity in product descriptions and enabling automated cross-industry communication centered on product information. While many industries are aware of PLIB's potential contribution to semantic interoperability (and some have already started providing PLIB-compliant content), the actual degree of support by B2B data exchange specifications may be a limiting factor to wider diffusion. In this paper, we (1) analyze the current degree of ISO 13584 adoption in such specifications, (2) determine how this adoption has changed over time, and (3) identify existing gaps between ISO 13584 and XML-based specifications.
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