The publication and reuse of intellectual resources using the Web technologies provide no support for us to clip out any portion of Web pages, to combine them together for their local reuse, nor to distribute the newly composed object for its reuse by other people. Such a composition requires both a layout composition and a functional composition. Both of them should be performed only through direct manipulation. This paper shows how the meme-media architecture is applied to the Web to provide such support for us. This makes the Web work as a shared repository not only for publishing intellectual resources, but also for their collaborative reediting, and furthermore for the flexible federation of intellectual resources. Federation here denotes ad hoc definition and/or execution of interoperation among intellectual resources. We will propose a general framework for clipping arbitrary Web contents as live objects, and for the recombination and linkage of such clips based on both the original and some user-defined relationships among them. This framework allows us to define federations of intellectual resources over the Web dynamically through direct manipulation.
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