Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data manages the risks in the processing of personal data in four steps. It provides notably that data processing presenting specific risks must be subject to prior checking beforehand. The paper investigates the theory of risks in Directive 95/46/EC, together with the criteria allowing to recognize those specific risks. Finally, the paper describes the consequences of such specific risks on the data processing.
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