Participatory design (PD) is increasingly used to support design and development of digital health solutions. The involves representatives of future user groups and experts to collect their needs and preferences and ensure easy to use and useful solutions. However, reflections and experiences with PD in designing digital health solutions are rarely reported. The objective of this paper is to collect those experiences including lessons learnt and moderator experiences, and to identify challenges. For this purpose, we conducted a multiple case study to explore the skill development process required to successfully design a solution in the three cases. From the results, we derived good practice guidelines to support designing successful PD workshops. They include adapting the workshop activities and material to the vulnerable participant group and considering their environment and previous experiences, planning sufficient time for preparation and supporting the activities with appropriate material. We conclude that PD workshop results are perceived as useful for designing digital health solutions, but careful design is very relevant.
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