Contextualized word embeddings proved to be highly successful quantitative representations of words that allow to efficiently solve various tasks such as clinical entity normalization in unstructured texts. In this paper, we investigate how the Saussurean sign theory can be used as a qualitative explainable AI method for word embeddings. Our assumption is that the main goal of XAI is to produce confidence and/or trust, which can be gained through quantitative as well as quantitative approaches. One important result is related to the fact that the differential structure of language as explained by Saussure corresponds to the possibility of adding and subtracting word embeddings. On the other hand, these mathematical structures provide insights into the inner workings of natural language.
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